Lot # 001
July 2017 - 1st Session Online auction

Frederick Arthur Verner
ARCA OSA 1836 - 1928 Canadian

Indian Encampment
watercolour on paper
signed and on verso inscribed "169-2" and "2738"
12 x 25 in  30.5 x 61cm

Private Collection, Ohio

From the earliest times in Canadian history, artists have been there to document and interpret Canadian life. Cornelius Krieghoff was Canada’s first well-known artist, painting Quebec habitants and First Nations peoples around Montreal and Quebec City, such as the Huron and Mi’kmaq. In this sale we have the circa 1860 oil Huron Hunters at Big Rock, a classic tableau work showing a gathering of four First Nations hunters in a landscape blazing with autumn colour. Three early portraits of habitant men by an unknown artist capture their rough-hewn character and humour, and detail their characteristic attire with colourful hats and pipes. An early painting of British army officers in Upper Canada enjoying the recreation of sleighing is attributed to J.T. Downman, (1780 – 1850), who was a lieutenant in the 83rd Regiment represented in this work.
First nations peoples were often portrayed by early Canadian artists – such as Frederick Verner, whose fine large watercolour Indian Encampment is included in this sale. Verner portrayed the Ojibway people, and traveled west to record the signing of the historic North-West Angle Treaty – Treaty No. 3 between the Saulteaux tribe of the Ojibway and the Government of Canada in 1873. Verner’s observations of the authentic details of Ojibway encampments, such as the birchbark canoe and teepees in this work are a fascinating glimpse into the past. One of the artists given passes by the new built Canadian Pacific Railway to travel west and document the landscape there was Thomas Mower Martin, and the canvas in this auction records a First Nations encampment. Also in this sale are ceramic works by Emily Carr with First Nations motifs – Carr was a part of the whole process, from digging the clay to firing the pieces and painting them. She studied these First Nations motifs in artifacts and drawings in the Royal BC Museum to be true to the original designs.
The landscape is deeply a part of our national identity, and its portrayal has transformed over time, starting with styles brought over from Europe and England and progressing through an evolution that resulted in the nationalist - and at the time radical - work of the Group of Seven. Included in this sale is the watercolour Waterfall by William Brymner, an important early educator at the Art Association of Montreal, and a painter whose work was influenced by Impressionism. Lucius O’Brien’s work depicts Canada in the 1800s, and in Oncoming Storm, Matchedash Bay portrays a striking sunset lighting up the surface of an Ontario lake.
Artists continue to reveal aspects of our country to us on many different levels, whether the content is political commentary, insight into social issues or quite simply the recording of the beauty of nature.


$9,000 ~ $12,000 CAD

Final Bid: $6,000 CAD
Bidding History
Paddle # Date Amount $
26355 25/07/2017 8:33:23 PM $6,000
27006 11/07/2017 8:47:19 AM $5,500

All prices are in Canadian Dollars.

Although great care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information posted, errors and omissions may occur. All bids are subject to our Terms and Conditions of Business.