Lot # 109
International Art Online auction

Béla Adalbert Czóbel
1883 - 1976 Hungarian

Seated Female Nude / Landscape with Figure and Horse (verso)
double-sided oil on canvas circa 1930 ~ 1945
signed
36 3/4 x 30 1/4 in  93.3 x 76.8cm

Provenance:
Private Collection, Hungary
By descent to the present Private Collection, Toronto

Of all of the members of the Hungarian artistic movement - The Eight - Béla Adalbert Czóbel was the most interested in the decorative, which he explored in his richly patterned, flat surfaces. In spite of the strong decorative motifs in his work, the shapes and objects in Czóbel's pictures maintained their importance. Czóbel's work was primarily influenced by French painting and he is considered the prime Hungarian exponent of the School of Paris.

Czóbel trained under Béla Iványi Grünwald in Nagybánya. In 1902, he left to spend two years training at the Munich Academy. In 1905 - 1906, Czóbel stayed in Paris to attend the Académie Julian, where he was strongly influenced by the Fauves. His work was so in keeping with the ideology of the École de Paris that the Fauves invited him to show with them in 1905 at the Salon d'Automne.

In 1906, Czóbel returned to Nagybánya to lead the "Neos" (Neo-Impressionists), who had split with the more traditional school of art of the time. During the same year, Czóbel exhibited the work he had completed in Paris at the Nagybánya colony. The show included still lives, nudes and portraits, which featured intense pointillist blocks of colour within heavily coloured outlines and ornamental motifs.

It was through his friendship with Károly Kernstok that Czóbel joined the group known as The Eight. In 1908, The Eight banded together to show anti-establishment art at the National Salon. They rejected the notion that art should serve the tastes of the patron and rejected Industrial Capitalism and the decadence of bourgeois values. They strove to promote a modern Hungarian art with contemporary aesthetics. They promoted an awareness of social responsibility, which in turn fuelled their political engagement.

Here, Czóbel's bold use of colour in Seated Female Nude is evident in the strong green and blue hues of the sitter's surroundings. The background takes on a flattened appearance, which highlights and focuses the attention on the sitter in the green armchair, whose form is maintained through the use of strong, dark outlines.

Estimate:

$25,000 ~ $35,000 CAD

 
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