James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald

James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald - Heffel Gallery

James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald

1873 - 1932
ALC CGP G7 OSA RCA

Born in England in 1873, MacDonald came to Canada at age thirteen, where he studied at the Hamilton Art School in Ontario. He worked as a commercial artist for the Toronto Lithography Company, then moved to leading commercial design firm Grip Limited, where he would work for twenty years, progressing to become head designer. Here he met fellow artists Tom Thomson, Arthur Lismer and Franklin Carmichael. He would remain close friends with Thomson until his death in 1917. In the early years he was at Grip, he took classes at the Ontario School of Art under George Reid. In 1912 MacDonald left Grip but took on freelance work, and went on sketching trips around the Toronto environs with Lawren Harris. He also regularly went to Burks Fall in Muskoka and visited Group of Seven patron Dr. MacCallum on Georgian Bay.

In 1913 MacDonald moved to Thornhill, north of Toronto, to a property called Four Elms. In this same year, he journeyed with Harris to Mattawa on the Ottawa River and to the Laurentians. MacDonald’s first visit to Algonquin Park was in 1914, when he joined A.Y. Jackson and J.W. Beatty there. Financial and personal pressures hit MacDonald in 1917, and his health was precarious for part of that year.

In 1918 he went on the first Group of Seven boxcar trip to Algoma – along with Lawren Harris, Frank Johnson and Dr. MacCallum, and was revitalized by the experience. In Algoma, MacDonald received great inspiration – some of his most outstanding painting was done of this region. A transcendentalist who read Whitman and Henry David Thoreau, MacDonald believed that through nature, man reached a higher spiritual state. Amongst Group members, Algoma became known as “MacDonald's country.” For the next five years, he entered the most productive phase of his painting. He would make two more trips to Algoma - September 1919 - the second boxcar trip with Harris, Frank Johnston and A.Y. Jackson, and in 1920 - based at Mongoose Lake.

From 1921 to his death in 1932, MacDonald taught at the Ontario College of Art, and was appointed Principal in 1929. During his time there, he spent summers sketching at locations such as Lake Simcoe, north of Toronto, and Coboconk in the Haliburton region of Ontario. In 1922 he also went to Petite Riviere in Nova Scotia.

MacDonald also painted in the Rocky Mountains - his first trip there was in 1924 to Lake O’Hara. He made seven trips each August from 1924 to 1930, with his last trip based again at Lake O’Hara.

In 1931, after a mild stroke, MacDonald traveled to Barbados to recuperate, and inspired by the light and colour, painted quite a few sketches of flowers and the sea coast.

MacDonald was the oldest member of the Group of Seven, and along with Lawren Harris, was the moving spirit in the group. Considered an eloquent spokesman, he led them in their early battles against opposition to their ground-breaking art.

Heffel 's Top Results
Record James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald sale - Heffel Gallery - Buy and Sell art   James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald
Lake O'Hara and Cathedral Mountain, Rockies
34 x 45in 86.3 x 114.3cm
1928
oil on canvas

Estimate:  $400,000 - $600,000 CDN
Sold for:   $977,500 CDN (premium included)

At Heffel's Fine Canadian Art Fall 2005 auction on Thursday, November 24, 2005
Record James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald sale - Heffel Gallery - Buy and Sell art   James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald
Early Autumn, Montreal River, Algoma
8 1/2 x 10 3/8in 21.6 x 26.3cm
oil on board

Estimate:  $80,000 - $100,000 CDN
Sold for:   $526,500 CDN (premium included)

At Heffel's Spring 2012 - 2nd Session auction on Thursday, May 17, 2012
Record James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald sale - Heffel Gallery - Buy and Sell art   James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald
Algoma Hillside
8 1/2 x 10 1/2in 21.6 x 26.7cm
oil on board

Estimate:  $80,000 - $120,000 CDN
Sold for:   $409,500 CDN (premium included)

At Heffel's Spring 2009 - 2nd Session auction on Wednesday, June 17, 2009
Record James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald sale - Heffel Gallery - Buy and Sell art   James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald
Sunset, Waldmere Farm, Muskoka
8 1/2 x 10 1/2in 21.6 x 26.7cm
oil on board

Estimate:  $50,000 - $70,000 CDN
Sold for:   $339,300 CDN (premium included)

At Heffel's Fall 2009 - 2nd Session auction on Thursday, November 26, 2009
Record James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald sale - Heffel Gallery - Buy and Sell art   James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald
A Sandy Beach, Lake Ontario
16 1/8 x 20 1/8in 41 x 51.1cm
oil on board

Estimate:  $300,000 - $400,000 CDN
Sold for:   $322,000 CDN (premium included)

At Heffel's Fine Canadian Art Fall 2007 auction on Friday, November 23, 2007
Record James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald sale - Heffel Gallery - Buy and Sell art   James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald
Morning, Mountain Camp (Cathedral Peak from O’Hara Camp)
8 1/2 x 10 1/2in 21.6 x 26.7cm
circa 1924 - 1927
oil on board

Estimate:  $200,000 - $250,000 CDN
Sold for:   $280,800 CDN (premium included)

At Heffel's Fall 2012 - 2nd Session auction on Thursday, November 22, 2012
Record James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald sale - Heffel Gallery - Buy and Sell art   James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald
Study for Lake O'Hara and Cathedral Mountain, Rockies
8 1/2 x 10 1/2in 21.6 x 26.7cm
circa 1924 - 1927
oil on board

Estimate:  $200,000 - $250,000 CDN
Sold for:   $245,700 CDN (premium included)

At Heffel's Fall 2012 - 2nd Session auction on Thursday, November 22, 2012
Record James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald sale - Heffel Gallery - Buy and Sell art   James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald
Rock and Maple 2
8 x 10in 20.3 x 25.4cm
circa 1916
oil on panel

Estimate:  $70,000 - $90,000 CDN
Sold for:   $245,700 CDN (premium included)

At Heffel's Spring 2010 - 2nd Session auction on Wednesday, May 26, 2010
Record James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald sale - Heffel Gallery - Buy and Sell art   James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald
Rock Study, Haliburton County
8 x 10in 20.3 x 25.4cm
oil on board

Estimate:  $20,000 - $25,000 CDN
Sold for:   $218,500 CDN (premium included)

At Heffel's Fine Canadian Art Spring 2006 auction on Thursday, May 25, 2006
Record James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald sale - Heffel Gallery - Buy and Sell art   James Edward Hervey (J.E.H.) MacDonald
Mountain Stream
8 1/2 x 10 1/2in 21.6 x 26.7cm
circa 1929
oil on board

Estimate:  $100,000 - $150,000 CDN
Sold for:   $200,600 CDN (premium included)

At Heffel's Fall 2015 - 2nd Session auction on Thursday, November 26, 2015
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